Connecticut is a state that located in the northeastern of United States. It’s the southernmost state in the New England region. Connecticut borders Massachusetts to the north, Rhode Island to the east, Long Island Sound to the south and New York to the west. Connecticut was one of thirteen colonies to declared their independence from Britain in 1776. Do you want to know more about Connecticut facts? We can find interesting facts about Connecticut in this article.
1. Connecticut Has the Highest Percapita-Income in the United States
Connecticut is the state that has the highest per-capita income in 2010 census. It’s also the highest in Human Development Index as well as median household income. In 2019, Connecticut’s per capita personal income was estimated at $79,087, still the highest of any state. However, Connecticut had the second largest gap nationwide between the average incomes of the top 1% and the average incomes of the bottom 99% after New York.
2. Hartford, the Capital City of Connecticut, is among the Oldest Cities in the United States
The capital city of Connecticut is Hartford. It was founded in 1635 that makes it among the oldest cities in the United States. Hartford is the core city of in the Grater Hartford metropolitan area. It was the richest city in the United States several decades after the American Civil War, but it’s now one of the poorest with 3 out of every 10 families are living below poverty line.
3. American Robin is the State Bird of Connecticut
The state bird of Connecticut is American Robin. American Robin (Turdus migratorius) is also the state bird of Michigan and Wisconsin. It’s a migratory bird that widely distributed in North America. They are wintering from southern Canada to central Mexico and along the Pacific Coast. American Robin is the most abundant extant land bird in North America behind the red-winged blackbird.
4. Mountain Laurel is the State Flower of Connecticut
The state flower of Connecticut is Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia). Mountain Laurel is native to the eastern United States. Besides state flower of Connecticut, Mountain laurel is also state flower of Pennsylvania. This flower can be found from southern Maine south to northern Florida, and west to Indiana and Louisiana.
5. Connecticut is the Third Smallest State by Area
With an area of only 5,567 sq mi (14,357 km2), Connecticut is the third smallest state by area after Rhode Island and Delaware. Although it’s third smallest in area, Connecticut is the 30th most populous that makes it fourth most populous state in the U.S. Connecticut experienced population decrease from 2010 to 2019 due to net migration to other states that makes it down from 29th to 30th most populous state.
6. Sperm Whale is the State Animal of Connecticut
The state animal of Connecticut is Sperm whale. Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) is the largest toothed whales as well as the largest toothed predator. In 1975, Sperm whale was designated as the state animal of Connecticut by the General Assembly. The reason of its selection was the specific contribution to the state and its present day status as endangered animal.
7. New Haven in Connecticut was the First Planned City in America
New Haven is a coastal city in Connecticut. It was the first planned city in America. It was founded by English Puritans in 1638. A year after is founding, eight streets were laid out in a four-by-four grid to create the “Nine Square Plan”. The central common block is the New Haven Green, that’s now a National Historic Landmark. American Planning Association also recognize Nine Square Plan as a National Planning Landmark.
8. Yale University is the Oldest Institution of Higher Education in Connecticut and Third-Oldest in the United States
Yale University was founded in 1701 as the Collegiate School that makes it the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States. It’s one of the nine Colonial Colleges chartered before the American Revolution. In 1718, Collegiate School was renamed Yale College to honor Elihu Yale as the school’s largest benefactor.
9. White Oak is the State Tree of Connecticut
The state tree of Connecticut is White oak (Quercus alba). The white oak becomes the state tree of Connecticut because Charter Oak was a white oak. Charter Oak was large white oak growing on Wyllys Hyll in Hartford, Connecticut from around the 12th or 13th century until it fell during a storm in 1856. It was named Charter Oak because its hollow become the place to hide Connecticut’s Royal Charter of 1662 to thwart confiscation by the English governor-general.
10. New London was One of Three World’s Busiest Whaling Ports
New London is a coastal city that located at the mouth of the Thames River in New London County, Connecticut. Along with Nantucket and New Bedford, Massachusetts, New London was one of world’s three busiest whaling ports for several decades beginning in the early 19th century. Much of the city’s present architecture was funded by the wealth from whaling.
There are surely more interesting facts about Connecticut that we don’t talk in this article. If you know one or two more interesting Connecticut facts, feel free to share with us here.