If we talk about Alabama, we can easily notice that it’s one of the state in the United States. Alabama is located in the southeastern region of the United States. It’s bordered by the Gulf of Mexico to the south, Mississippi to the west, Tennessee to the north and Georgia to the east. Alabama is 30th largest US State by area while it’s 24th-most populous (2020). Let’s talk about facts about Alabama state in this article.
1. Yellowhammer State
Alabama is nicknamed with Yellowhammer state. The nickname came from yellow trim on the sleeves, collar and coat tails of the cavalry soldier from Huntsville, Alabama that joined Nathan Bedford Forrest’s battalion. All Alabama troops in the Confederate Army were called with that name later. It’s also nicknamed after the Yellowhammer bird, its state bird.
2. Heart of Dixie
Dixie is the nickname given to the southern United States especially the states that seceded to form the Confederate States of America. South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee are the eleven Southern states that seceded to form the new Confederate States of America in late 1860 and early 1861. Alabama is called as the Heart of Dixie as it’s geographically at the center of Dixie (also called Dixieland) while Montgomery was also the first Confederate capital. The Heart of Dixie nickname was actually born in the late 1940s/early 1950s as public relations campaign launched by the Alabama Chamber of Commerce.
3. The Cotton State
Alabama is also called as the Cotton State. Alabama is located at the central of the cotton belt. Cotton Belt is the name given to the southern states where, in the late 18th century into the 20th century, cotton was the predominant cash crop . Cotton was leading crop of Alabama while Alabama was also leading producer of cotton.
4. Mobile is the Oldest City of Alabama
The oldest city of Alabama is Mobile. Mobile was founded in 1702 by French colonists. It’s founded as the capital of French Louisiana. Mobile is the only saltwater port of Alabama. It’s located at the head of Mobile Bay and the north-central Gulf Coast on the Mobile River.
5. Longleaf Pine is the State Tree of Alabama
The state tree of Alabama is Longleaf Pine. Longleaf Pine is an endangered pine species that can be found in Southeastern United States. As the native species of Southeastern United States, it can be found in the coastal plain from East Texas to southern Maryland, extending into northern and central Florida.
6. Camellia is the State Flower of Alabama
The state flower of Alabama is Camellia. Camellias is flowering plants genus from the family Theaceae. Camellia was originally found in eastern and southern Asia. Camellias are being grown all over Alabama and southern United States in general.
7. Montgomery is the Capital City of Alabama
The state capital of Alabama is Montgomery since 1847. Previously, Tuscaloosa was Alabama’s capital from 1826 to 1846. The Alabama legislature voted to to move the capital city from Tuscaloosa to Montgomery on January 30, 1846 and in December 1847, the first legislative session was held in Montgomery as the new capital. Montgomery is named for Richard Montgomery, Irish soldier who became a major general in the Continental Army.
8. Mount Cheaha is the Highest Point of Alabama
The highest point of Alabama is Mount Cheaha. Mount Cheaha is located in Cheaha State Park. Mount Cheaha which is also called Cheaha Mountain has 2,413 ft (735 m) highest elevation point. As part of Talladega Mountains, Cheaha Mountain is a final southern segment of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
9. Birmingham is the Largest City of Alabama by Population
The largest city of Alabama by population is Birmingham. Birmingham is located in the north central region of Alabama. Besides the largest city of Alabama, Birmingham has also been the most industrialized city for long. Birmingham was founded in 1871 and named after Birmingham, England.
10. Alabama is one of the State with Most Inland Waterways
Alabama has a total of 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of inland waterways that makes it among the most of any state. Around 3.2% of 52,419 square miles (135,760 km2) of Alabama total area are water. It makes Alabama 23rd in the amount of surface water which is also form the second-largest inland waterway system in the United States.
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